Hotel Rwanda

Radio voice: [voiceover] When people ask me, good listeners, why do I hate all the Tutsi, I say: read our history. The Tutsi were collaborators for the belgian colonists, they stole our Hutu land, they whipped us. Now they have come back, these Tutsi rebels. They are cockroaches. They are murderers. Rwanda is our Hutu land. We are the majority. They are a minority of traitors and invaders. We will squash the infestation. We will wipe out the RPF rebels. This is ITLM Hutu power radio. Stay alert. Watch your neighbours.
 
剧情简介 (http://www.mgm.com/ua/hotelrwanda/intro.html)
  1994年4月6日,一架载着卢旺达胡图族总统哈比亚利马纳和布隆迪总统的座机在卢旺达首都基加利上空被火箭击落,两国元首同时罹难。4月7日,空难在卢旺达国内立即引发了胡图族与图西族两族的互相猜疑,从而爆发了一场规模空前的武装冲突和部族大屠杀,令世界震惊的人间惨剧拉开了帷幕……被胡图族种族主义者控制的广播电台也为大屠杀的行为煽风助阵,他们叫嚣着“让一切郁积的爆发出来吧……在这样一个时刻,鲜血将滚滚而出”,失控的人群在失控的媒体号召下四处搜寻和杀死图西族人,空气中弥漫着血腥的味道。
  当一个国家陷入了疯狂,世界也闭上了双眼时,有一个名叫保罗·卢斯赛伯吉纳(唐·奇德尔 饰)的饭店经理却敞开了温暖的怀抱,他经营着当地一家云集着欧洲游客和军界政要的米勒·科林斯饭店,八面玲珑地运用着一切关系尽心地呵护着饭店的顾客们。保罗是胡图族人,而他的妻子塔莎娜(索菲·奥康尼多 饰)却是图西族的,对他而言,在动荡的时局中,保护他的图西族的亲戚与朋友成为了一生中面临的最大使命与挑战。联合国维和部队的无作为和与世界媒体的隔绝使得保罗夫妇二人和在饭店中避难的1268名当地居民更加坚定了活下去的信心与勇气,“我们一定让全世界都无地自容地去采取应有的行动。”事态越来越严重,百日之内竟有约100万人死于非命,但米勒·科林斯饭店却成为了嗜血荒漠中的一片生命绿洲……
 
英文资料
关于该历史事件的主角 Paul Rusesabagina 以及故事发生地 The Hotel Mille Collines 的资料 (卢旺达官方网站 www.rwanda.net)
 Beginning on April 7, hundreds of people-most of them Tutsi or Hutu threatened by Hutu Power supporters-took shelter at the Mille Collines, a luxury hotel in central Kigali owned by Sabena airlines. Although set apart from city streets by its spacious, well-groomed grounds, this expensive hotel offered no defense against attack beyond its international connections. On April 15, Paul Rusesabagina, temporarily manager of the hotel, called for its protection in an interview with a Belgian newspaper, as did an official of Sabena, who spoke on Belgian television. Rwandan authorities responded by posting some National Police at the hotel. In later contacts with the press and others, by telephone calls and fax messages, occupants of the hotel made the Mille Collines a symbol of the fear and anguish suffered by the Tutsi and others during these weeks.  
 On April 23, a young lieutenant of the Department of Military Intelligence, reportedly a nephew of Bagosora named Iyakamuremye, arrived at the hotel at around 6 a.m. and ordered Rusesabagina to turn out everyone who had sought shelter there. Told that he had half an hour to comply with the order, Rusesabagina went up to the roof and saw that the building was surrounded by military and militia. He and several of the occupants began telephoning influential persons abroad, appealing urgently for help. Their calls were presumably relayed byrepresentatives of Sabena, who would have been eager both to save lives and to protect their costly investment. According to Rusesabagina, one of the foreign authorities called from the hotel was the Director General of the French Foreign Ministry. Before the half hour had elapsed, a colonel from the National Police arrived to end the siege and to oblige the lieutenant to leave.
 In a similar incident on May 13, a captain came to the hotel in the morning to warn that there would be an attack at 4 in the afternoon. On that day, the French Foreign Ministry "received a fax from the hotel saying that Rwandan government forces plan to massacre all the occupants of the hotel in the next few hours." It directed its representative at the U.N. to inform the secretariat of the threat and presumably also brought pressure to bear directly on authorities in Kigali, as others may have done also. The attack never took place.
 None of the people who took shelter at the hotel was killed during the genocide and none was killed at a small number of other sites under foreign protection, like the hospital in Kigali run by Doctors Without Borders and the International Committee of the Red Cross. Perhaps these sanctuaries could not have been replicated so successfully elsewhere. But certainly it would have been right to try.
 
背景资料
关于卢旺达大屠杀事件:
卢旺达是非洲中部一个仅有800多万人口的内陆小国,然而在1994年,这个国家发生了一场震惊世界的种族灭绝大屠杀,在短短100天里,先后有100万人被杀,成为20世纪人类最惨痛的悲剧。1994年4月6日,卢旺达总统、胡图族人(Hutu)哈比亚利马纳的座机被导弹击落,机上人员全部遇难。该事件成为导火索,一场预谋已久的针对图西族人(Tutsi)的种族灭绝屠杀随即开始。7日,由胡图族士兵组成的总统卫队杀害了卢旺达女总理、图西族人乌维林吉伊姆扎纳和3名部长。胡图族民兵四处设卡查看身份证,见到图西族人,不论男女老少全用乱刀砍死。在此后的3个月里,先后约有100万人被杀,其中绝大部分为图西族人,大屠杀不但是卢旺达的悲剧,更是整个人类的噩梦。
关于卢旺达的种族问题:
HUTU和TUTSI这两个种族矛盾的起源问题:简单来说,卢旺达人原本不存在这两个种族的区分,而是在比利时殖民统治时期,比利时政府为了分裂卢旺达人,巩固比利时政府对卢旺达地区的控制,按照卢旺达人不同的外貌特征,将卢旺达人强行区分为HUTU及TUTSI两个民族,颁发给不同的护照,并扶持TUTSI人建立政府欺压HUTU人,从内部分裂卢旺达。当比利时的殖民统治被推翻后,HUTU人推翻了比利时支持的TUTSI人政府,这两个民族的矛盾被进一步激化。从而演进为1994年的屠杀事件。
 
相关链接
Hate radio关于卢旺达大屠杀的评论:http://www2.rnw.nl/rnw/en/features/media/dossiers/rwanda-h.html
卢旺达政府种族屠杀电子纪念馆:http://www.rwanda.net/english/gen/index.html
卢旺达屠杀事件国际刑事法庭官方网站:http://www.ictr.org
 
[特别鸣谢 cupfish 2005 All rights reserved.]
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About Jeremy Shih

Shanghai, Republic of China
This entry was posted in Media. Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Hotel Rwanda

  1. Jeremy says:

    嘿嘿,反正你现在样样事情都是等着纪念九一八纪念日了。

  2. Jeremy says:

    就知道是From公子大人的… 這部片子已經正式被小人安排為9/18後第二部觀賞影片… 呵呵!

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